Little is known about the creation of the Prague Symphony. Mozart composed it in 1786, the occasion remains unknown. It is likely that Mozart composed it for an academy in Vienna or a performance abroad. Mozart worked on it throughout the entire year of 1786, with intermissions – after all, he was often working on several compositions at the same time, in this case “The Marriage of Figaro”.
After he had finished this Mozart symphony, he was invited to Prague to perform the premiere there – hence the title. The premiere was on January 9, 1787 – one day after the premiere of “Figaro”. Some critics argue that there is a connection between this work, “The Marriage of Figaro” and “Don Giovanni”.